Regarding the actual location of this city there has been confusion with the location of Asopos. The most possible location should be considered west of cape Xili (Xili, for the ancient, is the shape of the cradle) on today’s location of Bozas. There are two interpretations. One states that it comes from the colonists who came from Kiparissia of Messinia and the other from the Temple of Goddess Athena, which was situated in the grove of Kiparissia. Its establishment is dated during the Homer Years. Because of its exceptional position it had great prosperity. It was maintained until the Roman Years, then- the reason is unknown – it was abandoned. Perhaps because of the leak of habitants to the prosperous back then city of Asopos.
THE ACHAEAN CITY OF KYPARISSION
Situated on the foothill of the rocky cape Xili. The year of its establishment is still unknown, as well as the origin of its colonists. We can calculate the time of year of its establishment, on the Copper Age or the Neolithic Age, before the city of Kyparissia, because in the area there have been found objects which are identified as being from the Ages which we mentioned before.
Its position was identified from marble and brass inscriptions during the excavations in 1885 from the Geek Archeological Company, as well as from Pafsanias who reports that its distance was 50 stadiums from Asopos (about 9 kilometers). It was situated in a gorge South of Finiki in a part of the road, which leads to the Village Velies, where there were Temples, built dedicated to the God Apollonas and the Asklipeon of Iperteleaton. The Pantheon of Apollonas according to the inscriptions found, was the central shrine of the people, Liberal-Lakones. During the whole year a throng of palmers visits the Temple, from other cities of this Lakonean Confederation. In the Museum of Sparti there are two inscriptions, which are not legible, that were found in this area.
NOTE. The existence of the Pantheon of Asklipeos justifies the etymology of the word Asopos, which was mentioned, as its name.
According to Kourtion (History of ancient Greece p.214) the name comes from Finikes “ According to Maleon abound are Finikes, so years now the memorial village is called Finiki”. So it is ancient. The settlement should have been established then, when the sea reached there or even higher, before the land was turned to a plain after the illuviations.
The Finikes (850 bc) had established a merchant station to exploit and monopolize the exceptional quality of the purple shells, which, as Pafsanias mentions were found only on the beaches of Lakonias.
During the Byzantine Years, the habitants preferred the position of today’s Krisa, where there are ruins of buildings and the Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary with an exceptional painting of Hers. During the Tourkish seisin, the habitants were transferred higher, today’s position. There was a density of Turkish population, which was attracted there by the plenteous water. The Turks treated the local Christians in a good manner. During the Greek Revolution the habitants took part in a lot of battles, such as the siege of Monambasia, and offered a lot of services.
According to archeological foundlings close to Demonia today, there was a city South of Plitra close to the coast, with an unknown name. Its position predominated, from the road from the Village Epidavro Limira and was also situated on the road to the plain of Asopos towards Neapoli. Perhaps we should connect it with the city of Kotyrta (which is mentioned by Thoukididis) while there was also the city of Afrodisias, which was later embodied with the city of Vion. The construction of the village to today’s position was done during the years of the Turkish Domination. The habitants came from a lot of areas, most of them after the destruction of Psara, prevailing the family “Lyra”. Also habitants came from Kythira, but from Lyra as well after their destruction in 1770 bc from the Turkish Albanians.
The historical information was obtained from the following books:
1. Korinthian and Lakonian – by Pafsanias.
2. County of Epidavrou Limiras – by Andonios Katsonis.
3. Epidea Lakonias – by N. Kalodimas.